Using Geoprocessing Tools—ArcGIS Pro (2023)

once you haveto set upand open a geoprocessing tool to use by specifying parameters and running the tool.

Hover over for help accessing geoprocessing toolsstaffknobUsing Geoprocessing Tools—ArcGIS Pro (1)or click the button to openTool Help documentationPage.


After a tool is opened, you can fill in the parameters of the tool. These are a series of options or settings, such as the input data to process, the output data set, and other options that change how the tool works. Each geoprocessing tool has a unique set of parameters. You can get more information about each parameter of the tool by hovering over the info buttonUsing Geoprocessing Tools—ArcGIS Pro (2)next to each parameter.

Parameters can be required or optional.

  • Mandatory parameters must be filled in to run the tool and are marked with a red asteriskUsing Geoprocessing Tools—ArcGIS Pro (3)
  • Optional parameters can be left blank or unchanged to use the default behavior.

Geoprocessing tools have input and output parameters. Input parameters can refer to data or they can be options that control the functionality of the tool. There are several ways to specify the input data to be processed by the tool, including the following:

  • Choose a layer from the list of map layers. If the layer oneto elect, only selected elements are processed. Likewise, if the layer is adefine question,time filter, ofrange filter, only resources in the filter are processed.
  • Use the Browse button to navigate to a dataset in the project or connection databaseUsing Geoprocessing Tools—ArcGIS Pro (4)
  • Create input sources interactivelyUse interactive input buttonsUsing Geoprocessing Tools—ArcGIS Pro (5)
Using Geoprocessing Tools—ArcGIS Pro (6)

For input parameters that are not data, you usually only need to enter a number, check a box, or select an option from a list.

Some parameters require more interaction, such asmultiple values,Geographic scope,emphatically, offield map

An output parameter is typically the location of a new data set or result value to be created by the tool. For the output dataset parameter, the output location and name are usually selected for you automatically, but you can change the path to the dataset or navigate using the output browse buttonUsing Geoprocessing Tools—ArcGIS Pro (7). The automatically selected output location is based on yourcurrent or temporary workspace

Reset parameter settings

To return a tool to its default parameter state, open itrunmenu at the bottomgeoprocessingpanel and selectreset parameters


You can change other options in the tool that affect the performance of the tool.environmentLabel. All environment settings are optional. Only geoprocessing environments that apply to the specific opened tool appear in theenvironmentTicket.

Environment options set from toolsenvironmentTabs are only available for the specific instance the tool is running on. If you reopen the Geoprocessing History tool, the environment settings will be preserved, otherwise all environment settings will be the default settings. To define the geoprocessing environment to be applied to all geoprocessing performed in the project, select theenvironmentopen windows fromanalyze>geoprocessing>environment

Learn more about geoprocessing environment settings


toolenvironmentGuides may not appear when opening a tool within a toolfloating windowVia ribbon buttons or UI commands. Configure the project environmentenvironmentUse the windows above to apply the environment settings as needed.

run a tool

Run a geoprocessing tool with a single clickrunknobUsing Geoprocessing Tools—ArcGIS Pro (8)on the backgroundgeoprocessingpanel.

arrangement tool

you can use thisrunmenu and selectschedulePlease run the tool at a later date and time and try again if necessary. All required parameters must be specified for the tool to be programmed.

Learn more about scheduling geoprocessing tools

copy ofPythonOrder

copy onePythonCommand snippets that can be used to run the toolPythonUse the currently specified parameters and environment and openrunmenu and selectPython copies or command. The command is placed on the clipboard and can be pasted into itPythonwindow, notebook or otherPythonkoppel.


The tool reproduces without having run beforePythonOrder. However, all required parameters must be provided to enablePython copies or commandoptions.

PythonCommands can also be copied fromGeoprocessing history items

progress and news

While the tool is running, a progress bar is displayed to show the percentage complete and a cancel button can be used to stop processing.

You can hover over the progress bar to display a pop-up window with detailed information about the active tool, such as messages, elapsed time, and all tool settings. You can also clickcheck the detailsTo view the same details in a separate window, or clickopen storyopen projecthistory of geoprocessing

When the tool has finished running, all output layers are added to the map and the progress bar displays icons and messages to indicate the status of the tool.

Using Geoprocessing Tools—ArcGIS Pro (9)

The utility is completed.

Using Geoprocessing Tools—ArcGIS Pro (10)

The tool is supplemented with warnings. Clickcheck the detailsor move the mouse over the status iconUsing Geoprocessing Tools—ArcGIS Pro (11)Checkwarning message

Using Geoprocessing Tools—ArcGIS Pro (12)

The utility failed. Clickcheck the detailsor move the mouse over the status iconUsing Geoprocessing Tools—ArcGIS Pro (13)Checkerror message

After running the geoprocessing tool, clickStep backknobUsing Geoprocessing Tools—ArcGIS Pro (14)no molegeoprocessingpanel to return to the last viewed page.

geoprocessing thread

When you run a geoprocessing tool, it usually runs on a background thread dedicated to geoprocessing. This keeps the app and map available for other tasks while the tool is running, which is especially important if you're using a tool that takes a long time to complete. In many cases, geoprocessing tools do not work on this geoprocessing thread, causing the tool to run on the main application thread and blocking the application while the tool is running. In this case, no further tasks can be performed until the tool is completed. The following conditions block the application until the geoprocessing tool is completed:

  • Run geoprocessing toolsJanela Python.
  • Run geoprocessing toolsArcGIS Pro-add-onsDepending on the toolset methods and properties in the add-in, the application may or may not be blocked.
  • Run a geoprocessing tool whento edit
  • run the modelinteractivelymodel builder
  • Run geoprocessing toolsfloating windowAn application accessed through a ribbon button or UI command may or may not lock the application, depending on the tool methods and properties defined by the developer of the button or command.

History and latest tools

When a geoprocessing tool starts fromgeoprocessingpanel orPythonan item is added to the projecthistory of geoprocessingContains details about when the tool was run, the settings used, whether the tool completed successfully, and any informational, warning, or error messages.

arefavouritesand the abdomengeoprocessingpanel and onerecentA section of the tools you've recently run.

Recently run tools display a status indicator icon and a list of recent instances of the tool. You can hover over any entry in the list to see more details and click to open the selected tool with the previously used parameter settings.

Using Geoprocessing Tools—ArcGIS Pro (15)

Open and run multiple tools

aregeoprocessingPanels allow you to open multiple geoprocessing tools, view a list of open tools, and switch between them. Follow these steps to open multiple tools:

  1. Open a geoprocessing tool.
  2. clickAdd toknobUsing Geoprocessing Tools—ArcGIS Pro (16)In the upper right cornergeoprocessingpanel to open a menu of all open geoprocessing tools.
  3. to electopen another tool

    aregeoprocessingThe panel returns to the previous page and adds the name of the first open tool to the list of open tools. Any changes made to the previous tool will be saved and loaded when the tool is reopened from this menu.

  4. Find or select another tool and open it.
  5. clickAdd toknobUsing Geoprocessing Tools—ArcGIS Pro (17)In the upper right cornergeoprocessingpanel to display a list of multiple open tools.

You can switch between all open tools without losing any progress, as parameters and environment settings are preserved as long as the tool remains in the list of open tools.

You can run multiple tools and they will be added to the queue of active tools available athistory of geoprocessing. If you run a tool while another tool is already running, the second tool will remain pending until the first is completed, after which the next pending tool will automatically run.

Comments on this topic?


What does geoprocessing allow you to do within ArcGIS Pro? ›

Geoprocessing is a framework and set of tools for processing geographic and related data. The comprehensive suite of geoprocessing tools can be used to perform spatial analysis or manage GIS data in an automated way. Geoprocessing is for everyone that uses ArcGIS Pro.

Why are geoprocessing tools important? ›

The fundamental purpose of geoprocessing is to provide tools and a framework for performing analysis and managing your geographic data. The modeling and analysis capabilities geoprocessing provides make ArcGIS a complete geographic information system.

What are the advantages of geoprocessing? ›

Geoprocessing permits the entry, updating, and analysis of epidemiological data and programs, presenting the results in map form. It can easily be used by national and subnational technical personnel, thanks to an easy-to-use interface and ongoing training.

How do I use geoprocessing tools in ArcGIS? ›

Use geoprocessing tools
  1. Overview.
  2. Open the project.
  3. Open the Geoprocessing pane.
  4. Buffer the commercial campgrounds.
  5. Select buffers containing Nassella tussock.
  6. Quantify Nassella tussock within buffers.
  7. Visualize analysis results.
  8. View geoprocessing history.

What tool should you use in ArcGIS Pro when the dataset does not have a geographic coordinate system? ›

Generally, if you have a layer whose dataset does not have a coordinate system defined and you know which coordinate system it is using, you should use the Define Projection tool in ArcToolbox to assign projection information to your data. This is required for working with that data in ArcGIS.

What are some ways that you can explore the functionality of tools in the geoprocessing pane within ArcGIS Pro? ›

In ArcGIS Pro, you can find and open geoprocessing tools from the following locations:
  • The Tools gallery on the Analysis ribbon tab.
  • The search bar at the top of the Geoprocessing pane.
  • Favorites in the Geoprocessing pane.
  • Toolboxes in the Geoprocessing pane.

What is the typical result of a geoprocessing operation? ›

A typical geoprocessing operation takes an input dataset, performs an operation on that dataset, and returns the result of the operation as an output dataset, also referred to as derived data.

Why is GIS a valuable tool? ›

GIS can show many different kinds of data on one map, such as streets, buildings, and vegetation. This enables people to more easily see, analyze, and understand patterns and relationships.

What are the techniques of geoprocessing? ›

Common geoprocessing operations include geographic feature overlay, feature selection and analysis, topology processing, raster processing, and data conversion. Geoprocessing allows for definition, management, and analysis of information used to form decisions".

What is the importance of georeferencing in ArcGIS? ›

Georeferencing is key for a Geographical Information System (GIS) to succeed with its ambitions to analyse and manage different types of data. Whether it's remote sensing, imagery, or satellite data, georeferencing connects the information to a map displaying it in relation to its position in the real world.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of geospatial technologies? ›

Advantages and Disadvantages of GIS
It allows easy record-keeping of geographical changes for further analysis.Data privacy and integrity is an essential assets of GIS. It has more risks when it comes to privacy violations.
5 more rows

What are the advantages of GIS over manual methods? ›

The following advantages of a GIS are worth mentioning : 1. Users can interrogate displayed spatial features and retrieve associated attribute information for analysis. 2. Maps can be drawn by querying or analysing attribute data.

What are the most useful ArcGIS tools? ›

Some of the most commonly used geoprocessing tools are available with any ArcGIS license. These include Append, Buffer, Dissolve, Intersect, Union, and Clip.

How many geoprocessing tools are there in ArcGIS? ›

You're Ready to Take the Geoprocessing Training Wheels Off

We've sifted through the big 7 geoprocessing tools. These are so common that ArcGIS and QGIS have added them to drop-down menus for easy access.

Why might you use the various geoprocessing operations to answer spatial questions related to your particular field of study? ›

In summary, using geoprocessing operations can help answer spatial questions related to your field of study by providing a deeper understanding of the spatial patterns, relationships, and trends within the data. This information can be valuable for decision-making, policy development, and further research.

Why is ArcGIS Pro better than ArcMap? ›

ArcGIS Pro is a 64-bit multi-threaded application with powerful processing and an upgraded display engine that allows faster analysis and rendering than ArcMap. The 2D and 3D maps created in ArcGIS Pro can be shared as web maps and web scenes to ArcGIS Online and ArcGIS Enterprise with ease.

How do I georeference data in ArcGIS Pro? ›

In the Contents pane, right-click a target layer (the dataset in the correct location) and click Zoom to Layer. In the Contents pane, click the source raster layer you want to georeference. Click the Imagery tab and click Georeference to open the Georeference tab.

What are the three sampling strategies that ArcGIS offer? ›

The Sampling Design Tool offers 3 ways to generate point samples: simple random, stratified random and two-stage random. The choice of which method to use will depend on survey objectives and types of available data.

Which geoprocessing tool should I use to combine all attributes of the two layers below into one single layer? ›

You'll use the Merge geoprocessing tool to combine these two layers into a new dataset. The Merge tool can be used with only a few clicks.

What function do you need to use to access the geoprocessing tools in an extension in a stand alone Python script? ›

ArcPy (often referred to as the ArcPy site package) provides Python access for all geoprocessing tools, including extensions, as well as a wide variety of useful functions and classes for working with and interrogating GIS data.

How do I create a geoprocessing in ArcGIS Pro? ›

Use a custom geoprocessing tool
  1. Right-click a folder and select New > Toolbox (. atbx) to create a toolbox.
  2. Right-click a geodatabase and select New > Toolbox to create a toolbox.
  3. You can also create a toolbox and add it to a project. Right-click the Toolboxes node in the Catalog pane, and select New Toolbox (. atbx).

What are the main errors in GIS? ›

There are primarily four types of errors in a GIS database: positional, temporal, attribute, and logical.

What are three factors that could hinder the success of a GIS? ›

Technical barriers: including lack of context, insufficient software and tools, lack of reliable data and lack of technical knowledge.

What is the difference between geoprocessing and spatial analysis? ›

Spatial analysis in GIS involves all three aspects of GIS, while geoprocessing is about the top aspect—computing with data. In addition to spatial analysis, geoprocessing is used in other common GIS tasks to automate tasks and build repeatable procedures.

What are the 3 main components of GIS? ›

A working GIS integrates five key components: hardware, software, data, people, and methods.

What are 3 examples of GIS? ›

GIS Applications Examples:
  • Mapping.
  • Network Services.
  • Accident Analysis and Hot Spot Analysis.
  • Urban Planning.
  • Transportation Planning.
  • Environmental Impact Analysis.
  • Agricultural Planning.
  • Disaster Management and Mitigation.
Feb 16, 2023

Is it hard to learn GIS? ›

In conclusion, GIS can be hard to learn, but it is not impossible. Technical complexity, data management, time commitment, and lack of resources can make it challenging. However, with the right mindset, approach, and resources, anyone can learn GIS effectively.

What are the 2 techniques for manipulating geospatial data? ›

In this tutorial, you'll learn about two common manipulations for geospatial data: geocoding and table joins.

What is the first step of geoprocessing? ›

1. Determine which geoprocessing tools you need. 2. Determine the order in which the geoprocessing tools should be used.

What are the two main types of ways to analyze GIS data formally? ›

GIS data can be separated into two categories: spatially referenced data which is represented by vector and raster forms (including imagery) and attribute tables which is represented in tabular format.

What are the three methods of georeferencing? ›

Georeferencing can be seen from different perspectives. It may be classified by type (vector or raster referencing), by identification category (semantic, topological or geometrical) and by application scenario.

What is the importance of geoprocessing tools? ›

The fundamental purpose of geoprocessing is to provide tools and a framework for performing analysis and managing your geographic data. The modeling and analysis capabilities geoprocessing provides make ArcGIS a complete geographic information system.

How do you tell if a map is georeferenced? ›

In Adobe Acrobat Pro:

On the right-hand side, navigate to Tools>Analyze. The Geospatial Tools are listed here. If your map is NOT georeferenced, when you select the Measuring Tool, units will be in inches. If you select the Geospatial Location Tool, nothing will populate in the fields.

What are 3 disadvantages of GIS? ›

GIS tools are expensive. ➨Learning curve on GIS software can be long. ➨It shows spatial relationships but does not provide absolute solutions. ➨Integration with traditional map is difficult.

What could be a weakness of GIS? ›

However, another disadvantage of using GIS is that the spatial analysis and modeling may require advanced skills, software, and hardware, and may involve assumptions, simplifications, and errors that can affect the validity and reliability of the results.

What are 3 examples of geospatial technologies and why are they important? ›

Examples of geospatial technologies include remote sensing, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), and Geographic Positioning Systems (GPS). Geospatial technologies can be used for all sorts of activities, such as military use, environmental use, and everyday use.

What is the most common GIS software? ›

The best GIS software is subjective and depends on the user's needs and preferences. There are a variety of GIS software available, including open source and proprietary options. Some of the most popular GIS software include ArcGIS, QGIS, Maptitude, Global Mapper, and MapInfo.

Why is GIS better than paper maps? ›

GIS allows the creation and use of "one-time" maps (whereas paper maps generally need to be printed and sold by the thousands to recapture the cost of production). For example, a map can be prepared with GIS specifically for a particular public presentation; the map may never be used after that presentation.

Why is it useful to view GIS as a process rather than merely software or hardware? ›

Third, GIS, with its array of functions, should be viewed as a process rather than as merely software or hardware. GIS are for making decisions. The way in which data is entered, stored, and analyzed within a GIS must mirror the way information will be used for a specific research or decision-making task.

Does NASA use ArcGIS? ›

Using Esri's ArcGIS Online, NASA is able to connect people, locations, and data using interactive maps.

Is ArcGIS being discontinued? ›

ArcGIS 10.8. 2 is the current release of ArcMap and will continue to be supported until March 01, 2026 as established in the ArcMap Product Lifecycle.

What is the best way to learn ArcGIS? ›

Learning ArcGIS

You may want to take online courses alongside your other formal studies to get a better understanding of ArcGIS. It's also possible to get a professional certificate in ArcGIS software through an Esri training program.

What is the maximum number of fields in ArcGIS Pro? ›

While file geodatabases have a limit of 655346 fields per table, the limit for personal geodatabases is governed by the . mdb file format, which has a limit of 255 fields per table.

Why is GIS a good tool to use for answering complex questions about geography? ›

GIS can show many different kinds of data on one map, such as streets, buildings, and vegetation. This enables people to more easily see, analyze, and understand patterns and relationships.

What does a GIS do with geospatial data there is more than one correct answer? ›

GIS connects data to a map, integrating location data (where things are) with all types of descriptive information (what things are like there). This provides a foundation for mapping and analysis that is used in science and almost every industry.

What is a geoprocessing package in ArcGIS? ›

A geoprocessing package is a convenient way to share geoprocessing workflows by packaging one or more tools and the data used by the tools into a single compressed file (. gpkx). Geoprocessing packages are created from one or more successfully run geoprocessing tools.

What is a geoprocessing operation? ›

"Geoprocessing is a GIS operation used to manipulate GIS data. A typical geoprocessing operation takes an input dataset, performs an operation on that dataset, and returns the result of the operation as an output dataset.

How do I use georeferencing in ArcGIS Pro? ›

In the Contents pane, click the source raster layer you want to georeference. Click the Imagery tab and click Georeference to open the Georeference tab. The tools on the Georeference tab are divided into several groups to help you use the correct tools in the different phases of your georeferencing session.

What is the difference between web tool and geoprocessing service? ›

The main difference between web tools and desktop geoprocessing tools is that when you run a web tool, it runs on a server computer using the resources of the server computer, as opposed to your desktop computer.

What is geoprocessing vs spatial analysis? ›

Spatial analysis in GIS involves all three aspects of GIS, while geoprocessing is about the top aspect—computing with data. In addition to spatial analysis, geoprocessing is used in other common GIS tasks to automate tasks and build repeatable procedures.

What are the three components of ArcGIS Pro? ›

The main parts of the ArcGIS Pro interface are the ribbon, views, and panes. The Introducing ArcGIS Pro quick-start tutorial helps you explore the user interface.

What are the four fundamental operations of GIS? ›

GIS enables the user to input, manage, manipulate, analyze, and display geographically referenced data using a computerized system.

What are geoprocessing data types? ›

In the context of geoprocessing tasks, GIS datasets can be divided into two distinct categories: transportable and non-transportable.
  • Transportable datasets are features, rasters, tables, and files. ...
  • Non-transportable datasets are anything other than features, rasters, tables, and files.

In which two ways can you access geoprocessing tools in ArcGIS Pro? ›

How can you access geoprocessing tools in ArcGIS Pro? (Choose two.) From the Analysis tab, navigate to the Geoprocessing group and click Tools. From the Analysis tab, click the Tools group.

What are the different types of georeferencing transformations in ArcGIS Pro? ›

You have the choice of using several types of transformations, such as polynomial, spline, adjust, projective, or similarity, to determine the correct map coordinate location for each cell in the raster. The polynomial transformation uses a polynomial built on control points and a least-squares fitting (LSF) algorithm.

How do I query data in ArcGIS Pro? ›

Define a query
  1. Open the map in ArcGIS Pro to which you want to add the query layer.
  2. Click the Add Data button on the Map ribbon and select the Query Layer button. ...
  3. Specify a connection using one of the following methods: ...
  4. In the Name text box, specify a name for the query that will be created.


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